It is a condition where the affected eye does not see as clearly. It can be caused by an eye turn (strabismic amblyopia) or a significant uncorrected eyeglass prescription (refractive amblyopia). If one eye is turned or has the larger prescription, the brain will ignore (suppress) this eye. Over time this leads to amblyopia or a weaker eye.
- Slower reading rates: Studies have shown that children with amblyopia read significantly slower than those without amblyopia.
- Tracking ability: It is more difficult for the amblyopic eye to track words on a page or to follow a ball when playing a sport.
- Eye focusing: Focusing is decreased and less accurate. This can affect the ability to copy from the board and can cause difficulty with sustained reading and near work.
- 3-D vision (Depth perception): It can impact balance and movement which can cause clumsiness.
Treatment usually consists of wearing glasses or contact lenses and if necessary, patching or eye drops, and vision therapy. The purpose of the glasses is to ensure a clear, crisp image projected on the eye. Patching or eye drops are then added to force the “weaker” eye to be utilized more. Vision therapy significantly improves rehabilitation by decreasing treatment time and providing correct eye teaming training. Your next step is a Binocular Vision Evaluation and is designed to see how amblyopia is impacting performance and other activities of daily life.